Numbers (part 2)

 

Introduction
In Japanese and Chinese, a number of items is usually expressed with two parts (kanji). The first kanji is a number such as "", "", "" ... The second kanji shows the properties of items, it is called josushi (). Those items own one or more common properties will be looked as one group and there is a special josushi for each group.

 

Here is some josushi which is usually used in our life.
If you click the words of Reading column, you can hear the pronuciation.

Items
Properties
Josushi
Kanji
Reading
box, cup, egg, dumpling, orange
small items (Default*)
ko
beer, bottle, cigaret, leg, pencil, tree, trousers, umbrella
long and narrow items
hon
cloth, dish, paper
pieces of
mai
book, dictionary, magzine
books
satsu
scissors, tofu
square-style items
chou
tear, water
drops of
teki
coffee, milk, tea
cups/glasses of
hai
couples
pairs
kumi
shoes, socks
pairs of (item on foot)
soku
car, computer, radio, television, truck
machines/vehicles
dai
battleship, boat, submarine
ships
seki
apartment, house, shop
buildings
ken
cat, dog, fish, spider
small animals
hiki
elephant, horse, ox, pig, tiger
big animals
tou
chicken, eagle, sparrow
birds
ha
chopsticks
pairs
zen
drawers
chests of
sao
yen
monetary units of Japan
yen
 
* You can use "" if you are doublt with the josushi sometimes.

 

Usage
Josushi is used in such a usage:  item + number + josushi .  For example,
Kanji
Reading
English
Item
Number
Josushi
hako i ko
one box
kasa ni hon
two umbrellas
kami san mai
three pieces of paper
hon yon satsu
four books
ie go ken
five houses
kutsu roku zoku
six pairs of shoes
inu nana hiki
seven dogs
uma hachi dou
eight horses
taka kyu wa
nine eagles
mizu itteki
water of a drop
touhu ni tyou
two pieces of tofu
sake sann bai
three cups of alcohol
huhu yon kumi
four sets of married couples
kuruma go dai
five cars
hune roku seki
six ships
hashi shiti zen
chopsticks of seven trays
tannsu hassao
cabinets of eight poles

 

Another special usage:  number + josushi .  For example,
Japanese
English
Number
Josushi
Reading
12,345
ichi man ni sen san byaku yon ju go yen
tweleve thousand three hundred and fouty-five yen