Volume 11, 1999

University of Bialystok

Copyright (c) 1999 Association of Mizar Users

**Jing-Chao Chen**- Shanghai Jiaotong University
**Piotr Rudnicki**- University of Alberta

- This article defines two for-loop statements for SCMPDS. One is called for-up, which corresponds to ``for (i=x; i$<$0; i+=n) S'' in C language. Another is called for-down, which corresponds to ``for (i=x; i$>$0; i-=n) S''. Here, we do not present their unconditional halting (called parahalting) property, because we have not found that there exists a useful for-loop statement with unconditional halting, and the proof of unconditional halting is much simpler than that of conditional halting. It is hard to formalize all halting conditions, but some cases can be formalized. We choose loop invariants as halting conditions to prove halting problem of for-up/down statements. When some variables (except the loop control variable) keep undestroyed on a set for the loop invariant, and the loop body is halting for this condition, the corresponding for-up/down is halting and computable under this condition. The computation of for-loop statements can be realized by evaluating its body. At the end of the article, we verify for-down statements by two examples for summing.

This research is partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China Grant No. 69873033.

- Preliminaries
- The Construction of for-up loop Program
- The Computation of for-up loop Program
- The Construction of for-down loop Program
- The Computation of for-down loop Program
- Two Examples for Summing

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